Dealing with Debt

Taxes suck — but DEBT sucks more.

The following topics will be covered in this Guide:

  1. Associating Debt to an Expense
  2. Equity Debt (Home Equity and Rental Properties)
  3. Snowballs versus Avalanches

1. Associating Debt to an Expense

There are 2 ways to define debt in OnTrajectory, either through an expense or through a 'Home Equity' account. For debt that is related to credit cards, personal loans, student loans, or other types of debt that don't build equity (like a home or a rental property) see the following section — this section is about debt that we need to lose ASAP!

After creating an expense, click the wrench icon to optionally associate the expense to an amount of debt and the annual interest rate on that debt.

Debt Reduction

IF you set a "Debt Amount" for an expense, THE EXPENSE WILL END WHEN THE DEBT IS PAID-OFF (even if the "End Age" of the expense is farther in the future). NOTE: For "Linked Mortgages", there is no need to enter debt/interest for the expense, it occurs automatically. For more information on linked mortgages, see the guide: Modeling Home Equity.

Each year a debt is not paid-off, the interest rate is applied to the debt amount at the beginning of the year. Even though this is a slightly "pessimistic" view of your debt situation, taking this approach ensures our calculations will not create false assumptions about when a debt will be fully paid-off.

2. Equity Debt (Home Equity and Rental Properties)

Not all debt is the same — when you pay-off debt such as the mortgage on your home or the loan on a rental property, you accrue significant equity, which OnTrajectory allows you to track and include in your financial life-plan. For more information on Home Equity, see the guide: Modeling Home Equity

By default, this kind of debt is NOT included when using one of the "Debt Reduction Strategies", as discussed below. To include mortgage/equity debt, go to Menu / Settings / Calculation Options and select "Include Mortgage Debt in Debt Reduction".

3. Snowballs versus Avalanches

You can leverage 2 popular "Debt Reduction Strategies" in OnTrajectory: Snowball or Avalanche. A Snowball strategy uses any excess cashflow to automatically pay-down existing debt with the lowest balance first. Once that debt is paid off, those funds are applied to the next highest debt, etc — untill all debt is paid off.

Avalanche, on the other hand, focuses all available cashflow on the debt with the hightest interest rate first. Although in most situations, the avalanche method may save you slightly more in the long run, it is ofter preferable to employ the snowball method because you get a great feeling by paying off those smaller debts first!

To experiment with these strategies, open the "Analyze and View" menu and select the option you wish to use, as shown below:

Debt Reduction

You can easily compare the "End Balance" that results from each technique to see the relative long-term value of each. In addition, when a Debt Reduction strategy is being applied, the amount being applied for the current year is displayed above the graph, as shown below:

Debt Reduction

NOTE: If you have elected to automatically save an amount less than 100% of your cashflow (Menu / Calculation Options), that reduces the amount of funds available to reduce your debt.